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The authors of the U.S. Constitution were all rich white men. They developed a method of governance based largely on the writings of John Locke, and Englishman and Thomas Jefferson's acknowledged inspiration. The document was a reflection of the enlightenment period. The French revolution was motivated by the same thinking.
The authors fought to protect their own rights and wealth. Some, like Alexander Hamilton, a constitutional monarchist, John Adams, a skilled negotiator whose principles were a little wishy washy, Jefferson, a wealthy slave owner, gentleman farmer and agriculturalist and Benjamin Franklin, a philosopher, writer, inventor and bon vivant, were best at rising above their personal interests, but the rest of the group were motivated by self interest.
This imperfect conglomeration of people did a brilliant job of finding a way to create a national government to rise out of the disastrous ashes of the Articles of Confederation, but they were not super-heroes nor uniquely brilliant, just realists. The Electoral College was created to protect against the rise of charismatic tyrants and to placate those, like Hamilton, who would have preferred a constitutional monarchy. Slavery was preserved to hold the south in the union counting each slave as 3/5 of a person for purposes of political apportionment. The Senate was created to hold small states who believed that the House of Representatives, where population dictated representation, would leave them subject to the whims of the large, populous states. Further, Senators were elected by state legislatures to ensure that the public would not run amuck by selecting people who were not supportive of the established power structure. Women had no rights at all. There are numerous other examples of such politically motivated compromises.
These men understood that the world would change over time and that failure to permit the system to be changed would most assuredly prove fatal to the nation, thus the amendment process was developed.
The United States is not the Constitution. It is the people of the United States who operate under the structure of government set up by the Constitution, as amended. Constitutional absolutists miss the whole point.
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