BRUSSELS — Euro area finance ministers agreed early Tuesday on the terms of a bailout for Spain's troubled banks, saying that the first $36.88 billion in aid can be ready by the end of this month.
The finance ministers for the 17 countries that use the euro as their official currency will return to Brussels on July 20 to finalize the agreement, having first obtained the approval of their governments or parliaments, eurozone chief Jean-Claude Juncker said.
Last month, the eurozone's finance ministers agreed to offer Spain up to €100 billion to prop up its stricken banking sector, which has been weakened by toxic loans and assets from a collapsed property market.
As part of the agreement with Spain, finance ministers from all 27 European Union countries are expected Tuesday to give the country extra breathing space to get a grip on its economy. The meeting is expected to approve a one-year extension, until 2014, of Spain's deadline for achieving a budget deficit of 3 percent.
Investors — who had been concerned about the terms of Spain's bailout deal and the lack of fine detail in decisions made at the June 28-29 summit in Brussels — tentatively welcomed news of the decisions. Markets across Europe showed slight gains Tuesday morning. In Madrid, the country's main IBEX index rose 1.4 per cent to 6,779.0 while the borrowing cost of its 10-year bond dropped from 7.03 per cent Monday to 6.84 percent. France's CAC 40 was up 1.25 percent at 3,196.11 and Germany's DAX had risen 1.15 percent to 6,461.23.
Juncker added that the Spanish deal will mean each bank that receives a bailout will be forced to adopt specific conditions, and the supervision of the financial sector overall will be strengthened.
"We are convinced that this conditionality will succeed in addressing the remaining weakness in the Spanish banking sector," he said.
Dutch Finance Minister Jan Kees de Jager said the agreement should be finalized soon.
"We have a tentative deal on the bailout conditions for a bailout of Spanish banks," De Jager said. "The total will likely be €100 billion. Some countries like the Netherlands, Germany and Finland need to get parliamentary approval. We hope this can be wrapped up within a week."
The exact amount of the bailout will likely not be known until September, when individual examinations of different Spanish banks have been completed.
Spain — the fourth-largest economy in the eurozone — has been struggling to keep a lid on its government deficit in the midst of a recession while trying to support its troubled banking industry weighed down by toxic loans and assets from a collapsed property market. There are fears that should Spain need a bailout of its own, the eurozone would struggle to finance it, pushing the region further into recession.
De Jager said Madrid's partners agree that "financial sector reforms in Spain must be ruthlessly implemented. These reforms include, notably, a cap on salaries of bank executives and a ban on bonuses."
However, he said a system of EU-wide banking supervision still needs to be worked out.
"There are still differences over this," he said. "The details will be worked out by the end of the year."
But on Monday, before the eurogroup meeting began, Mario Draghi, the chief of the European Central Bank, said he was confident that a banking union in the European Union would be achieved.
"The first thing to be created will be the supervision," Draghi told a committee of the European Parliament. "We are talking about the long-term sustainability of the European monetary union. We are going as fast as we can. It is better to do things right than in a hurried fashion. We certainly want to see this thing wrapped up by the end of the year," he said, referring to banking oversight.
"By the end of this year we will have something that is not perfect, but achievable."
EU Economic and Monetary Affairs Commissioner Olli Rehn said the European Commission would put forward legislative proposals for the creation of a "Single Supervisory Mechanism" for banks in the euro area, involving the European Central Bank, in early September. The creation of the central bank supervision will allow the EU's firewall fund to recapitalize banks directly rather than lending the money to a country's government — something that increases the country's debt load.
"Direct bank recapitalisation will enable us to break the vicious circle between banks and sovereign risk," Rehn said.
Officials also announced that Klaus Regling, a German economist who currently heads the temporary EU bailout fund, had been chosen to head the European Stability Mechanism — the permanent bailout fund meant to head off instability in the eurozone.
Regling, 61, will take charge of a bailout fund meant to reassure markets that the European Union will stand behind its weaker members.
Ministers said the final decision on Greece's request to renegotiate the terms of the country's bailout agreements will depend on the conclusions of the so-called "troika" of debt inspectors currently overseeing the Greek program.
"Final decisions can only be made when the facts and figures from the troika are on the table, but in general it is clear that they will stick to the program that Greece is now undergoing," Austrian Finance Minister Maria Fekter said.
Greece has had to impose harsh austerity measures, including big cuts to pensions and salaries, to secure billions of euros worth of rescue loans from the IMF and other European countries that use the euro and avoid bankruptcy.
The finance ministers also reelected Juncker to a new 2 1/2 -year term as president of the eurogroup. But Juncker said he would step down late this year or early next year.