Where is abortion legal in the world? Canada, other countries allow abortions and these ban them.

Eve Chen

Editor's note: This story was originally published on May 6, and has been updated to reflect the Supreme Court's decision of June 24 to overturn Roe v. Wade.

Dozens of states could immediately restrict or ban abortion now that Roe v. Wade has been overturned by the Supreme Court.

"If enough states prohibit this, there might be some places where it's cheaper or easier to travel internationally to Mexico or Canada, in particular, than it is to travel to another state," said Glenn Cohen, a Harvard Law School professor who specializes in bioethics and the law and authored "Patients with Passports," among other books. 

While cost and accessibility eliminate the feasibility of traveling abroad for abortion care for many Americans, there is interest. Internet queries like "Is abortion legal in Canada?" and "list of countries where abortion is illegal" spiked this week.

OVERTURNED:Supreme Court overturns Roe v. Wade, eliminating constitutional right to abortion

STATE LAWS:How abortion laws in each state will stand if Roe v. Wade is overturned

Here are the countries where abortion is legal and where it is altogether banned, according to the Center for Reproductive Rights, which advocates for reproductive rights around the world.

Independent states with populations over 1 million, semi-autonomous regions, territories and jurisdictions of special status are also included.

Countries where abortion is legal, available on request

Gestational limits vary widely.

  • Albania
  • Armenia
  • Argentina
  • Australia
  • Austria
  • Azerbaijan
  • Belarus
  • Belgium
  • Benin
  • Bosnia-Herzegovina
  • Bulgaria
  • Cambodia
  • Canada
  • Cape Verde
  • China
  • Colombia
  • Croatia
  • Cuba
  • Cyprus
  • Czech Republic
  • Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (North Korea)
  • Denmark
  • Estonia
  • France
  • French Guiana
  • Georgia
  • Germany
  • Greece
  • Guinea-Bissau
  • Guyana
  • Hungary
  • Iceland
  • Ireland
  • Italy
  • Kazakhstan
  • Kosovo
  • Kyrgyzstan
  • Latvia
  • Lithuania
  • Luxembourg
  • Maldives
  • Moldova
  • Mongolia
  • Montenegro
  • Mozambique
  • Nepal
  • Netherlands
  • New Caledonia
  • New Zealand
  • Northern Ireland
  • Norway
  • Portugal
  • Puerto Rico
  • Republic of North Macedonia (formerly Macedonia)
  • Republic of Korea (South Korea)
  • Romania
  • Russian Federation
  • Sao Tome & Principe
  • Serbia
  • Singapore
  • Slovak Republic
  • Slovenia
  • South Africa
  • Spain
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • Tajikistan
  • Thailand
  • Tunisia
  • Turkey
  • Turkmenistan
  • Ukraine
  • United States
  • Uruguay
  • Uzbekistan
  • Vietnam

More than 100 other countries, states and territories allow for abortions in specific instances like "to save a woman's life."

Belize, Britain, Fiji, India, Japan and Rwanda are among countries that allow abortions for a range of social and economic reasons as well.

'PEOPLE WILL TRAVEL':What overturning Roe v. Wade could mean for abortions across state lines

Countries with abortion bans

The Center for Reproductive Rights says the following places "prohibit abortion altogether" but notes that "laws that make no explicit exception to save a woman’s life are normally interpreted to permit life-saving abortions on grounds of the general criminal law defense of 'necessity.'"

  • Andorra
  • Aruba
  • Congo (Brazzaville)
  • Curaçao
  • Dominican Republic
  • Egypt
  • El Salvador
  • Haiti
  • Honduras
  • Iraq
  • Jamaica
  • Laos
  • Madagascar
  • Malta
  • Mauritania
  • Nicaragua
  • Palau
  • Philippines
  • San Marino
  • Senegal
  • Sierra Leone
  • Suriname
  • Tonga
  • West Bank & Gaza Strip

The Center for Reproductive Rights notes that a new penal code is set to take effect in Haiti in July, decriminalizing abortions up to 12 weeks in cases of rape, incest or "if the physical/mental health of the women is in danger," but critics think the code could be changed before implementation. 

A Virginian shows the Female gender marker on their current US passport, prior to beginning the process of filling out a passport application with an X gender marker on April 11, 2022.